Category: Product News

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Light Bicycle Rims: Our Choice For Value-Carbon

Here at AVT, we really enjoy helping riders get parts that will help give them the best riding experience, and we feel that carbon rims offer significant benefits including lighter rotational weight and greater durability–just to name a couple of the most important ones.  And while we love Enve rims, and recommend them to anyone who can afford a set, we really wanted to see if we couldn't find another, less-expensive alternative.  

Enter Light Bicycle.  This is a company that was at the forefront of the new crop of Chinese-made, direct-to-consumer rims, and they've gained a reputation for quality products.  Now you may be saying "but hey, you guys are all about US-made products, so what gives?", and that's a fair question to ask.  We are always going to do everything we can to support companies that are making great products in the US.  They're easier for us to deal with, they are adaptable, communication is easy, and parts are readily available, among a whole host of other benefits.  But the fact remains that Enve is the only carbon rim manufacturer that we're aware of that's making rims in the US, and there are some really high-quality rims being made overseas.

In the case of Light Bicycle, the company now has a US office, making the wait times much lower, and warranties easier.  But what really convinced us is experience: for years we've talked to other riders who were raving about these rims and how great the company was to deal with, and some years ago we had to try them ourselves.  Now we have countless hours on various models, and have been nothing but impressed.  Dollar for dollar, these are simply very hard to beat, and we think they provide a real value in our catalog.  We see them giving many riders who wouldn't spend the money to get Enve hoops a chance to experience the great ride that carbon has to offer. 

The AR46 is a great choice for gravel or road bikes

Our first offering is the AR46, a road and gravel-oriented medium-deep section rim that is super-versatile.  We think they're ideal when paired with Chris King's R45D Centerlock, Industry Nine's Road disc hubs, or a White industries CLD hub, but we can build them on any hub we carry, so the choice is yours.  If you'd like an AVT Works wheelset built with these rims, you can get started by checking out the product page here.  And if you've got questions, don't hesitate to ask. 

Check out the AVT Works Light Bicycle AR46 wheelset here.

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Filling in the Gaps in Chris King's Line Part 2: The Rest of the Hubs

Chris King ISO QR front hub: one of the parts King is no longer offering (though this one is available in our Rare and Hard to Find area).

Last week we discussed the range of options that can replace Chris King's line of singlespeed hubs (read the post here, if you didn't catch it before).  This week, we'll look at the rest of the hub options that can fill-in where Chris King no longer has offerings.

In addition to those singlespeed hubs that Chris King is no longer producing, the company also stopped producing 135 and 142mm mountain bike hubs as well as their 135 and 142mm ISO 6-bolt disc R45 hubs.  While many road riders will be very happy with Chris King's R45D Centerlock hubs, some just prefer ISO 6-bolt disc mounting.  In this post we'll take a look at what your options are now, if the hub you need is no longer offered by Chris King.


White Industries MI5 hub

Currently our favorite option to substitute for these rim-brake hubs is the White Industries MI5.  It's a lightweight, classic-looking hub that's compatible with every modern freehub driver standard represented with White Industries' beautiful and very durable titanium freehub driver bodies.  

While there are other options including the Phil Wood Touring hubs, we feel that the MI5 offers the best combination of weight, durability, value, and freehub choice so it's our recommendation to fill this space.


Here, your options are much more varied because at this point pretty much everyone but Chris King makes a hub in this category. Depending on your priorities, there's a hub to fit just about ever need.

White Industries XMR and CLD hubs are both available in 100 front, and 135 and 142mm rear spacing. These hubs are lightweight, available in a wide selection of colors, freehub drivers, and axle configurations, and have fast-enough freehub engagement to satisfy most riders, making them a great choice.

White Industries' XMR hub

If you're really concerned about fast engagement though, you will be happier with an Industry Nine Hydra or an Onyx Racing Products classic hub. 

Industry Nine's Hydra hubs are available in a very wide range of axle and freehub driver configurations

With 690 points of engagement, I9's Hydra hubs achieve the fastest engagement of any pawled hub by using 6 pawls that engage sequentially in order to leverage the inherent flex of the various parts of the hub.  This allows Industry Nine to create a hub that's both extremely lightweight and durable. They're also available Industry Nine's 11 beautiful colors, so matching your other parts shouldn't be much trouble.  

Onyx Racing Products' Classic hubs are available in a massive range of finishes, and color combinations, making them a great choice if color-matching is your thing

Onyx Racing Products Classic Mountain Hubs, which are available in both Centerlock and ISO 6-Bolt versions, also deliver nearly instantaneous engagement, but use a sprag clutch to do so, making their freehubs completely silent.  This system is significantly heavier than I9's, but it's also very durable, and the silent coasting is really something special.  As with all Onyx Racing Products hubs, these are available in a huge assortment of colors and finish types for a pretty amazing range of color options.


Here again, the options abound, but we've got our favorites.  If you want a lightweight hub with a slim profile that just looks right on a road bike, the Industry Nine 6-Bolt Road Hubs are an obvious choice.  They're extremely lightweight, and have a slimmed-down three-pawl freehub design for low drag (and still very fast engagement).  They're also available in a wide range of colors, which will help you get the look you're after.   

Industry Nine's ISO 6-Bolt road hub

While technically a mountain bike hub, the White Industries XMR hub is also available in 135/142 spacing, and makes a fantastic road or gravel hub that's available in a wide range of colors and freehub options.


Currently, Industry Nine and Onyx Racing Products are the two companies in our catalog that are making Lefty front hubs, and while this limits the selection slightly, these are both such solid choices that that the selection doesn't seem very limited at all.

Industry Nine Lefty hub

We hope this explanation helps give you a clear idea of just how many great options remain in Chris King's absence from these categories, and if you have any questions about which hub would be best for your bike, just get in touch.  We're here to help!

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Filling in the new gaps in Chris King's line: Part 1

Last week we wrote about the changes to Chris King's line.  This week we wanted to talk about some of the options to fill in the spots where Chris King no longer has parts available.  This will be an ongoing series of posts, because there are items for which we don't yet have substitutes.  We're starting out with an area that we really should talk about more often: singlespeed hubs.

Chris King's singlespeed disc hub is one of the items that is no longer being produced

If Chris King's announcement that they won't be offering a singlespeed hub going forward has you wondering what hub you'll be able to use, we have good news: while Chris King made amazing singlespeed hubs, they're not the only one in our catalog to do so.  White Industries, Industry Nine, Paul Component, and Onyx Racing Products all have unique and very good single speed options.  We feel that each of the singlespeed hubs we offer has something unique to recommend it, so we'll just run through the range to give you a better idea of why you might want to go with one over the others.


If you're a singlespeeder who rides in rocky or technical terrain, you've probably found yourself trying to get up and over a tricky rock move or a really steep climb with limited pedal clearance, you know how great it can be to have a hub with fast engagement.  Industry Nine's new Hydra hubs set a completely new standard for fast engagement with a mind-boggling 690 points of engagement, which means that you can reset your cranks in that techy climb faster that you've ever been able to before.  On top of that, the Hydra freehub's is designed to eliminate slipping from not-fully-engaged pawls by engaging one to start, and then more as you apply torque.  Industry Nine says this helps the whole system last longer, while giving you what is essentially instantaneous engagement.  If you're a technical rider who is tired of slipping, exploding, or just slow-engaging freehubs, these are worth a look.  The icing on the cake is that they're available in 135mm QR, 142x12 TA, 148x12 TA (boost), 141mm QR (boost), 177x12, and 197x12 spacings so there's really no excuse for not converting whatever bike you've got to a singlespeed.  As with all Industry Nine hubs, these are available in 11 colors, and Industry Nine's in house anodizing delivers a finish that's second-to-none. 

Industry Nine's Hydra Singlespeed hub.


If you want fast engagement and quiet, Onyx Racing Products' singlespeed hub should be on your short list.  Onyx's innovative sprag clutch freehub mechanism is not only very robust, but also gives nearly instantaneous engagment, and it's silent.  Available in all standard spacings, the Onyx Singlespeed hubs are also the only singlespeed hubs of the bunch to give you the choice of ISO 6-bolt or Centerlock rotor configurations.  They're available in a huge range of colors including powdercoated and limited-edition–options, so if you're looking to customize the look of your bike, these are a great choice.

Onyx Racing Products Classic singlespeed hub


Back in 1996 when Paul Component released their Wacky One speed Rear Device, it was available as a rim brake hub, and was the go-to for riders looking for a simple, durable singlespeed hub.  Now, that legacy continues, but it has evolved, and there are many different models.  Today, the range of WHUBs is wide with everything from rim brake models, to disc versions including a boost thru-axle version, and even a fixed-disc version for those who want to run a fixed cog with a disc brake (you know who you are!).  Aside from the fixed-disc version, these hubs are designed to be used with thread-on freewheels like those from White Industries, so they're perfect for riders who just want simple, more old-school parts that use tried-and-true technology.  We really like that these hubs use adjustable sealed cartridge bearings, are are really designed around being durable.  They're not quite as techy as the options from Industry Nine and Onyx Racing Products, but they're bomber, run smoothly, and look great.  With all of the spacing options available, there really isn't much reason not to use one of these hubs if the classic (and very beautiful) design appeals to you.  With the addition of a White Industries freewheel, you'll have fast, solid engagement, and a hub that will just last. 

Paul Boost Disc WHUB                                                                    


Like the Paul WHUB, the ENO uses a simple thread-on freewheel such as the ones that they make.  Like Paul Component, White Industries offers various different configurations for their ENO hubs, depending on whether you want a disc or rim brake version.  The latter is available to fit 126, 130, and 135mm spacings, and former is available in 135mm.  What really sets these hubs apart is the fact that they are available in two different axle types: standard and eccentric.  White Industries' eccentric ENO hubs allow you to convert a standard frame that has no provision for chain tensioning built-in to singlespeed without using a chain tensioner, so if you've got an old frame that you've been wanting to convert to a singlespeed, they're just the ticket.  In general, ENO hubs serve the singlespeed needs of older frames, and frames that weren't originally designed as singlespeeds, so like the Paul hubs, they play an important role in filling-out our singlespeed hub offerings.

White Industries eccentric disc ENO hub


We feel that each of these options is unique enough to make deciding which to get fairly straightforward.  Here's a chart of considerations that we hope will help you narrow the choices down:

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Chris King's Streamlined Offerings

We love Chris King's wide range of hubs, headsets, and bottom brackets, so we were saddened recently when we saw their new, significantly reduced offerings.  Chris King has long been a go-to for top quality parts for rare configurations (Devolution headset anyone?), and that put them in an odd position because while it's nice to be able to offer those parts, the reality is that they don't sell very often.  While we haven't been told the specifics of why they chose to reduce their line so much, we suspect that it's mostly because it had just gotten to vast, and maintaining stock of all of the parts that go into that sea of components just got unrealistic.  We completely understand the need to reel-in their line, but that doesn't change that fact that we'll miss that huge range. 

Because we've gotten a lot of requests recently for some of the discontinued parts, we wanted to do a post about which parts are being offered going forward.  If you need something that's not on the list, please check our Rare and Hard to Find section first, and then get in touch.  We'll do our best to find the parts you need, and will be looking for good substitutes as well (you can expect posts detailing those in the future).  With that introduction, let's get into Chris King's revised offerings!


The main new development in terms of hubs is that mountain hubs are only offered in Boost (110x15mm front, and 148x12mm rear) and Super Boost (110x15mm front and 157x12mm rear).  If you still need a 142 or 135-spaced mountain hub (or a singlespeed hub), Chris King still has a good stock of these shells and parts, so they're still available; however, at least for the moment, they aren't planning on making any more of them.

For R45 hubs, going forward only the standard (rim brake) R45 and R45D Centerlock disc versions will be available.  ISO 6-bolt disc versions will no longer be made.


Chris King's headset line has long been extensive, with options for 1", 1 1/8", and 1 1/4" in their NoThreadSet, GripNut, and 2Nut headsets.  Some of these options didn't sell very often, but for the riders who needed them, they really saved the day.  The new lineup, is arguably a lot more sensible, but we'll still miss the ability to get a new headset for that bike that has a 1 1/4" threaded steerer....

DropSet headsets are available in the DropSet 1, 2, and 3, in both standard and ceramic bearings.

InSet headsets have lost a few models, and the now only the i2, i5, i7, and i8 will be available.  These are all available only with the bold logo (no Sotto Vocce).

NoThreadSet headsets are available in 1 1/8" top and bottom cups, 1 1/8" top and 1 1/2" bottom cups, and 1 1/8" top and 1 1/4" bottom cups, and 1" top and bottom cups. 

2Nut headsets are available in 1" and 1 1/8" configurations.  Note that at least for the time being, there is no plan to make more of the classic, but less versatile GripNut headsets.


The big news with Chris King's line of bottom brackets is that they have discontinued all pressfit options.  At this point their offerings are limited to to the excellent ThreadFit line.  Given the difficulties associated with getting a frame with an accurately-sized pressfit bottom bracket shell, and the industry's move back toward standard threaded bottom brackets, this isn't exactly surprising, but it does limit the options for those riders who have such a frame and who want a great bottom bracket.  Right now, for riders with pressfit 30 frames, we do have White Industries Pressfit 30 bottom brackets that are sweet, so there is at least a very good option for that standard.  So let's take a look at the options for Chris King bottom brackets:

ThreadFit bottom brackets are available in 24, 30, T47 24xT47 30x, and T47 30i models.

The range of conversion kits for these bottom brackets has also gotten smaller, and in keeping with the rest of the line, stays right on track with trends in the industry.  Gone are the conversion kits for Sram's GXP system (not surprising given that Sram seems to almost completely stopped using it).  Given this, the conversion kits that are available are: #8, #10, #12, #22 through #25, and #27 through #30.  These support 24mm spindles for 68mm road and mountain, 24mm spindles for 73mm mountain, and wide and narrow 30mm spindles across all of the bottom brackets they offer.


Chris King has trimmed their tool line down significantly as well.  While in the past they offered everything from headset press adapters to bottom bracket tools and grease injectors, now they are offering their hub rebuild tools exclusively.  We have a stock of headset and bottom bracket tools, and will continue to stock up on them when possible, but we will run out, so if you've been thinking about getting any of these other tools, now's a good time.

Got questions?  As noted above, if you're looking for an item that is no longer offered, check with us first, because Chris King still has stock of many discontinued parts, and we will do our best to keep filling orders.  And as usual, if you're looking for a part that you know is no longer being produced, our Rare and Hard to Find section is a great place to check first!

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Headset Spacers Might Just Be The Missing Link

When you're thinking of parts to customize the look and feel of your bike, it's so easy to overlook the headset spacers.  Over the years, most of us have gotten used to only having a few options, none of which could match a colorful headset or hubset. But now both Chris King and White Industries make spacers, and they're both something special...and if you you're more in the mood for titanium, Ti Cycles has spacers that will get you the look you're going for.

White Industries Headset Spacers

We really like the designs of these options, because they both do more than simply add something between your stem and headset. All three manufacturers offer their spacers as a kit with multiple different sizes of spacer to allow you to dial in your stem height, and both Chris King and White Industries spacers are available in all of their respective manufacturers colors, while Ti Cycles offers multiple finishes options as well.

Chris King Headset Spacers

In the case of the Chris King Spacer Kit, you get 3mm, 6mm, 12mm, and 25mm spacers.  They are also available separately as needed, and importantly, are available in 1" and 1 1/8" sizes as well.  As you might expect with an item that comes out of Chris King's factory, these spacers look clean and simple, but have more going on than meets the eye from the outside. Look inside the larger spacers, and you'll see that they're relieved to save weight. Of course, like all of Chris King's products, they're designed to last a lifetime.

White Industries Headset Spacers

White Industries takes a slightly different approach with their spacer kit. It comes with 6 spacers: 10mm, 5mm, and 2.5mm straight, and 10mm and 5mm tapered. When put together, they make a beautiful taper from the stem down to the center of the spacers, and then back out again to the headset itself. As if this weren't enough, the largest spacers are relieved internally as well.  We really like the slim look that the White Industries spacers give to the steerer, not to mention the range of colors that they offer. 

Ti Cycles Headset Spacers

Maybe you ride a ti frame, and want to maintain the ti look through more of the bike.  In that case, Ti Cycles Titanium Headset Spacers are a great option.  Available as a kit with 5, 10, and 20mm sizes, or individually, these spacers are available in either straight or radiused versions in polished or bead blasted finishes to match most ti frames well.

Radiused and polished Ti Cycles Headsets Spacers


Got questions about any of these?  Just give us a shout!  

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Onyx Racing Products Vesper Hubs Are Here!

If you've been keeping an eye on our Instagram feed, you might remember from our NAHBS coverage that we talked about the then-still-un-named Onyx Racing Products hub that would offer a modular freehub design to make driver changes much easier.  We were told to expect the hubs sometime in June or July, and now in mid-July they're shipping.  As product launches go, that's pretty accurate timing, so kudos to Onyx for punctuality!

The Vesper Hub

The new Onyx Racing Products Vesper hubs.                         Photo courtesy of Onyx Racing Products

So first, a rundown of the main differences between the new Vesper and the Classic hub. 

  • The hub shells are machined much more aggressively all the way out to machining excess material from the flanges.
  • The front hub uses significantly lighter bearings and an interchangeable endcap system that weighs much less than the Classic version.
  • Revised axle system.
  • Tool free endcaps.
  • Rear hub uses 1.5 sprag clutches compared with the 2 clutches of the Classic hubs.
  • Alloy freehub bodies standard (steel still available as an upgrade).
  • Steel Enduro bearings stock with Verinent ceramic bearings available as an upgrade.
  • No free laser engraving due to decreased space on the hubs.
  • MFU is compatible with DT Swiss freehub bodies allowing for use of DT Swiss Micro Spline freehub body.

While the lighter weight of the smaller sprag clutch and refined hub shell is definitely a major selling point, we won't go into that too much right now, because we want to get a hub set in our hands to weigh first.  Instead we'll focus on what we've been most excited about ever since Onyx first announced it: the new freehub design.  The new Vesper hub is the first hub to feature Onyx's new MFU (Modular Freehub Unit).  The MFU allows you to simply swap the freehub body by pulling off the driveside endcap (yep, it's tool free!).   Because the system is designed to work with DT Swiss freehub bodies, you have the option of using a Shimano Micro Spline freehub body made by DT Swiss, in addition to the Sram XDR and Shimano Hyperglide freehub bodies that are made by Onyx.  As a side note, Onyx expects to have Campagnolo-compatible freehub bodies available soon, but isn't currently giving out specific dates, so just stay tuned and we'll let you know as soon as they're available.  The new design simplifies the freehub body change process and also keeps the sprag clutch system inside the hub during those changes, thereby shielding it from dirt intrusion during the exchange process.  Retrofit kits will be available for Classic hubs very soon, so if you have any pre-MFU Onyx hub and want to switch to an XDR or Shimano Micro Spline freehub, you'll soon be able to do so easily. 

Photo courtesy of Onyx Racing Products


At the moment, the Vesper hubs are available in a 6-bolt hub shell with Boost 110x15mm front and 148x12mm rear spacings in 32 hole drillings, but in the coming weeks other axle standards, spoke drillings, and centerlock hub shells will be released as well.  Because of this evolving inventory, the best way to order these hubs at the moment is by email.  We will be working to get the various options up and available for purchase as they become available in the coming weeks and months.

Onyx Classic Hubs

So you might be asking what's happened to the hubs that made Onyx famous, and the answer is simple: they're still available!  The Classic hubs still come stock with hybrid ceramic bearings, and while new hubs will ship with the MFU, they'll still use the original 2 sprag clutch, making them ideal for super high-torque applications like e-bikes and tandems. 

If you have any questions, just let us know.  We've had great experience with Onyx hubs, and are very excited to have a lighter option with tool-free freehub swaps, so we'll keep bringing you updates as we get them!

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    Chris King: Built To Last A Lifetime

    If you've ever used anything made by Chris King Precision Components, you know that the parts that come out of the factory in Portland, Oregon, are in a category of their own in terms of durability.  The serviceable sealed cartridge bearings that King machines and builds in house are some of the few modern bicycle bearings that actually get better with age, and which can be expected to keep spinning smoothly decade after decade.  This sort of construction can tend to be underappreciated in a world where standards that change constantly make parts that actually last seem less important, but the fact is that most of us use bikes we enjoy for a whole lot longer than most magazines and websites might suggest, so parts that last still really matter. 

    For decades Chris King has been an industry-leader in using and re-using biodegradable machining oils, and recycling metal shavings created in the production of the parts that bear his name. His company sources materials from domestic mills, and takes the long-term environmental impact of each aspect of their products into account. This means that the hubs, headset, or bottom bracket that has been rotating smoothly for years on your bike came from a factory that created as little waste as possible in producing it, and recycled every bit of waste that it could.

    Now Chris King is taking his commitment to making parts that last to a new level by upgrading the standard warranty to lifetime. In most cases this really won't change much for us as riders because it's so rare that anything goes wrong with anything made by Chris King, but it reinforces King's commitment to keeping the parts that come out of his factory running over the long term, and it certainly doesn't hurt us as riders to know that the parts we're using will be supported if anything does happen to them.

    Chris King put out a video and a blog post to talk about this update, so check it out here for more information.  Whenever we get a glimpse into what's actually going on in King's factory, we are reminded of how much of a relative bargain King parts really are.  They're a big investment, but one that you can actually trust to stay with you over the long haul.

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    Made In the USA

    While not every single item we sell is made in the USA, we try to source everything we can from US-manufacturers.  We are proud to offer parts from Chris King, White Industries, Paul Component, Phil Wood, Industry Nine, Onyx Racing Products, King Cage, Wolf Tooth, Enve Composites, and Astral Cycling and there are many reasons for this, so we thought this 4th of July week would be a perfect time to talk a bit about them.


    Arguably the most important reason–from a purely functional standpoint–is quality.  When you think of quality, durability, and dependability, brands like Chris King and Phil Wood are hard to ignore, and for very good reason.  These are a couple of companies that have built a reputation for making products that work well and last.  Chris King's in-house bearing production yields bearings that simply last longer than almost any other, and they do this through extremely tight tolerances, high-quality materials, and serviceability.  When you buy a Chris King hub, bottom bracket, or headset, you're making an investment in a part that you can expect to get better with age, which is a trait that's becoming increasingly rare. 

    A company like Phil Wood takes a slightly different approach by having bearings custom made to their specs.  If you've ever used a Phil Wood hub, bottom bracket, or headset though, you know that their approach seems to be quite effective too.  They combine those custom bearings with hub shells, headset cups, and bottom bracket parts that they machine in house, and the result is a line of products that just keeps spinning.

    Astral Cycling is a branch of Rolf Prima, a company that's been building wheels in Oregon for decades.  There's a lot of really interesting history to Rolf, and the paired spoke design the they've used, but importantly they were also one of the first companies to bring rim manufacturing in-house at a time when finding a US made rim was nearly impossible.  Making their own rims allows them to have more control over the final product, and to more readily create designs that satisfy the needs that they experience as riders, and with the launch of their Astral line, with its standard spoke configuration, you can get the same quality with any hub design!


    Another reason we like these companies so much is their accountability.  By that we mean that they're easier to reach when we have questions about a product, and they also stand behind their products more than many companies that don't have such a direct relationship with their customers.  And important aspect of this is the availability of parts, and design with an eye to a more future-proof product. 

    White Industries is a great example of this design philosophy.  We love that their hubs all use the same freehub driver design because it means that swapping one for another is a piece of cake, and that if you have one of their older hubs, you aren't forced to buy a new one if you want to run the latest drivetrain.  This type of thoughtful design makes servicing their parts easier, and it insures that the parts you buy today will still be good next year.


    It can be easy to forget that there are riders behind these companies, but if you look, you can see their work: Industry Nine's Hydra hub, with its unheard-of 690 points of engagement is a result of riders wanting faster, more solid engagement, with greater durability.  The tool-free endcaps and interchangeable drivers of these hubs are the result of working on the hubs, and wanting that service to be as easy as possible. 

    Onyx Racing Products' sprag clutch is another great example of a rider-generated innovation: Onyx began with a desire to make a BMX racing hub with the lowest drag and fastest engagement possible.  The result is instant engagement and completely silent operation.  And because these hubs were being designed to be used, and were being use

    d throughout their development, they had to prove their durability.  Between their completely different freehub design and their huge range of color choices, Onyx hubs are great examples of what we love about US made products.

    Wolf Tooth and King Cage's Morse Cage collaboration is another example of innovation with US-made products: Ron Andrews started making titanium bottle cages in 1991 because riders wanted a better cage–one that would actually hold up to off-road riding–and Wolf Tooth saw a need to make an adjustable cage.  The result is a twist on Ron's proven design, and it's also just such a cool example of rider-driven innovation to make products that enhance your riding experience.

    Enve Composites has shown that carbon fiber wheels don't have to just come from overseas, and they've done it by producing some of the best rims ever made.  Their innovative rim shapes, construction, and great durability have made them easily the most sought-after rims around, and they don't show any signs of stopping.  


    Yeah, maybe the way most of the parts we sell look is the elephant in the room here, but there is so much else that's special about them, that we didn't want to focus on it first.  But it's hard to overlook how much care is put into the finishes of pretty much all of the US Made parts we sell.  From Industry Nine's in house anodizing and Onyx Racing Products' almost endless range of color combinations, and Paul's classic machined look and White Industries' matching crank extractor caps, these parts are designed to look just as great as they function. 


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    What Makes a White Industries R30, G30, or M30?

    White Industries offers a really wide range of cranks, from their square taper ENO and VBC cranks, to their 30mm-spindle R30, G30, and M30 models.  In this post we wanted to take a look at what the actual differences between the three 30mm-spindle cranksets.

    Most of us have gotten used to not having any control over the q-factor, and at best minimal control over the chainline of our cranks because modern 2-piece cranks tend to not have any means of adjusting these factors.  Because White Industries uses separate crank arms and spindle, and because those both pieces come in two different versions, you actually do have some measure of control over those factors.

    White Industries G30 and M30 arms and Road/Gravel spindle: these are the parts that make up the R30 and G30 cranksets

    For starters, let's look at what defines each model:

    R30: R30 (narrow) arms, Road/Gravel spindle (for 68mm and equivalent bottom bracket shells).

    G30: M30 (wide) arms, Road/Gravel spindle (for 68mm and equivalent bottom bracket shells).

    M30: M30 (wide) arms, Mountain spindle (for 68/73mm and equivalent bottom bracket shells).

    From this small list, you can see that the G30 crankset provides more chainstay clearance than the R30 crankset by using the same arms as the M30.  As an example of how you might use this information, we've found that many times gravel bikes don't actually need the extra width of the G30 cranks, which means that if you would like to get the narrowest q-factor possible you have the option of using the R30 version.  But what does any of this actually mean, and how can you decide for yourself which crankset will give you the fit and feel that you're looking for?  Read on to find out.

    M30 crankarm on top and R30 on the bottom

    In the photo above, you can see how much more the upper crankarm bows out.  That's the M30 crankarm, which as noted in the list, is used to make the G30 crankset as well as the M30 crankset.  And as you can see, the difference between the G30 and M30 cranksets is the spindle they use.  It's really that simple.  One very important thing to note is that the Road/Gravel spindle is only compatible with 68mm bottom brackets (and their equivalents in T47 and PressFit standards), whereas the Mountain is compatible with 73mm (and its equivalents in the other standards).  For more on bottom bracket compatibility, check out this compatibility chart.

    White Industries has handy technical drawings with measurements for the three cranksets, which is a very useful tool to help you decide which one will best suit your needs.  They also list the q-factors for all three, which, for those who care, is very nice indeed!

    If you look at the drawings, you'll see that the road crankarms have a 12.5mm narrower q-factor than the mountain/gravel ones. This is the actual difference in q-factor that results from the different shape of the arms, so it's the difference in q-factor between the R30 and G30 cranksets, because they use the same spindle but different arms.  With so many bikes these days being designed with s-bend chainstays, it's often not necessary to have as much clearance between the crankarms, making it possible to run the narrower road arms on your gravel bike.  For some riders, getting a narrower q-factor is an important part of leg and knee comfort on the bike, so we think this is important to know.

    For us, the natural next question to ask is whether you could, or would ever want to run the road arms on your mountain bike.  Of course, with many older mountain bikes, you'd be able to install a standard road or gravel cranksets (assuming the bike has a 68mm bottom bracket), but you would need to check beforehand to make sure you'd have clearance at the chainstays.  This is where the detailed drawings are so helpful.  One important consideration with this is that using R30 or G30 cranks on a mountain bike would give you a chainline that is 2.5mm farther inboard than you would get using the mountain bike spindle.  Just to stir up this already-cloudy topic, if you wanted to do this while maintaining your standard 49mm mountain bike chainline, and you were using a 1X setup, you could install a boost chainring in place of the standard non-boost one.  Of course if your bike uses a boost drivetrain, this wouldn't be possible, so it would be better to just go with the standard mountain spindle.  All of this is possible because on White Industries R30, G30, and M30 cranks, chainline is determined by spindle length and chainring offset, and not the crankarms.  

    Non-boost TSR chainring on top of a boost TSR chainring to show the difference in offset

    But say, just for kicks, that you really like the narrowest q-factor you can get, but you have a 73mm bottom bracket shell, so you have to use the Mountain spindle according to the bottom bracket compatibility chart.  You've measured your frame and you've looked at the White Industries' technical drawings where you've seen that the M30 cranks have a measurement from the centerline of the bike to the inside of the crankarm tip (the X2 measurement) of 74.8mm, but the road cranks have an X2 measurement of only 66mm. If you add 2.5mm to the road X2 measurement you can see what it would be if you substituted the mountain spindle spindle for the Road/Gravel one in that R30 crankarm. The result is 68.5mm for the X2 measurement. That's pretty narrow, but definitely not unheard-of for a mountain bike, so you might just be able to get your mountain bike set up with a q-factor of only 163.5mm by using R30 arms and a Mountain spindle.  Just be sure to measure well!

    In the end, we've found that most riders are quite happy with one of the standard options, but we find it helpful to know what's actually changing when you go from one model to the next, and we hope you do too.  If you ever have any questions, or if you would like to get a special build, just get in touch, and we'll help you get the build you need.

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    Custom means custom when it comes to AVT WORKS custom wheels

    We offer a wide range of wheels–both sourced from the likes of Enve, Chris King and Astral, and our own AVT Works custom–but there are times when even our custom options won't quite get you the wheelset you've been dreaming of.  At times like those, just get in touch, because we're always happy to get a different spoke, rim, or nipple so that you get the wheels you really want.

    Chris King / DT Swiss Wheelset

    This wheelset is for a rider who wanted a rim that we don't usually offer, but which was the perfect choice for his use.  The result is this beautiful 27.5" wheelset built with Chris King ISO-B rear and ISO-AB front hubs laced to DT Swiss EX471 rims.

    By request AVT WORKS custom wheelset
    By request AVT WORKS custom wheelset with Chris King ISO-B rear and ISO-AB front hubs
    By request AVT WORKS custom wheelset built with DT Swiss EX471 rims

    Industry Nine / Stan's Wheelset

    Recently we talked with another rider who was tired of waiting for Chris King's Micro Spline driveshell to arrive, but who wanted a top-quality, fast-engaging, US-made hub, so he asked us if he could get what is essentially the standard Chris King / Stan's Flow MK3 wheelset, but built around Industry Nine's Hydra hubs. We're building the wheels, and we think that will make a fantastic wheelset, so of course we were happy to oblige!

    Industry Nine Hydra hubs, Sapim Race spokes, and Stan's Flow MK3 rims are going to make an awesome wheelset.
    Industry Nine's Hydra hubs with a Micro Spline driver in black.

    One of the reasons that you might want something custom is for colors not available in any other wheelset, and Industry Nine hubs have some of the best anodizing in the business, as this deep red attests.  You'll see some options, like the Enve/Industry Nine M-Series wheelset we offer, where the hubs and spoke nipples are only available in black, but if you want that wheelset, but built with hubs of a different color, we're happy to build them for you.

    Industry Nine's Hydra hubs with an XD driver. This red is one of the wide range of stunning colors that I9 offers.

    Phil Wood / HED Single Wheel

    One other recent build that was completely different, was this Phil Wood Pro hub on a HED Belgium C2 rim.  This rider just needed a single super-reliable rear wheel in a configuration that we don't normally offer, so they gave us a call.  We worked out the best combination with him, and built the wheel. 

    Phil Wood Pro road hub with Hed Belgium C2 rim

    These are just a couple of examples of completely off-the-menu wheelbuilds that we've done recently, but the they're just a couple of the wide range of options that we can do. 

    What can we build for you?

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